Month-by-month tasks

January : Mid Winter

  • Plan your vegetable crop rotations
  • Prune apple and pear trees
  • Mulch any empty beds
  • Plant fruit bushes

February : Late Winter

  • Plan sowing of greenhouse plants
  • Start chitting potatoes
  • Cut back autumn raspberries
What to sow in February

March : Early Spring

  • Pot on greenhouse seedlings
  • Plant shallots and onions
  • Plant early potatoes
What to sow in March

April : Mid Spring

  • Continue planting potatoes
  • Sow beans
  • Sow herb seeds
What to sow in April

May : Late Spring

  • Earth up potatoes
  • Sow beans, courgettes and squash
  • Plant out tender seedlings after the last frost
What to sow in May

June : Early Summer

  • Pinch sideshoots on tomatoes
  • Plant out sweetcorn in blocks
  • Sow turnips and kohl rabi
What to sow in June

July : Mid Summer

  • Prune gooseberries and red currants
  • Sow oriental veg and winter salad
  • "Stop" tomatoes and climbing beans

August : Late Summer

  • Sow green manures
  • Plant out strawberry runners
  • Summer prune apple trees

September : Early Autumn

  • Sow over-wintering veg
  • Prune blackcurrants
  • Plant onion and shallot sets

October : Mid Autumn

  • Divide rhubarb crowns
  • Make leaf mould
  • Take cuttings of shrubby herbs
What to sow in October

November : Late Autumn

  • Sow over-wintering broad beans
  • Take cuttings of fruit bushes
  • Put grease bands round fruit trees

December : Early Winter

  • Harvest remaining root crops
  • Plant fruit trees
  • Plant garlic cloves

For more seasonal tasks, have a look at the Gardeners' World "What to do now" or the Royal Horticultural Society Gardeners' Calendar